The result is staggering population increases among those who must choose between the burgeoning numbers and an adequate standard of living. Population explosion results in the shortage of even the most basic resources like food.
Such thinking promoted a rapidly expanding population to foster an abundant society where a man was surrounded by many children to care for him in old age, to expand flock and field, and to increase the tribe with numbers and prosperity for strength and security in the nation.
Thus, they produce more children assuming that not all of them would be able to survive. The better the contraceptive—better in ease of use and in effectiveness—the less the social resistance to the acceptance of family planning and the greater the efficiency of implementing voluntary fertility regulation where it is needed.
Fertility regulation is part of this movement and hence benefits from whatever advances are made.
The total fertility rate of Muslims in UP was 4. Such a situation needs some explanation and the explanation is found, to a great extent, by the study of some geographical factors which affect the distribution and density of population in a given area.
One may ask to what extent current opposition to sex education in public schools in the United States springs from a pur itanical ideology long characteristic in American culture. This again starts the vicious cycle of poverty and population explosion discussed above.
Radcliffe-Brown succinctly underscores this cultural principle in his assertion that "The most important part of the 'value' of a woman is her child-bearing capacity. Personal factors Housing facilities: Discrimination Sometimes there are social or cultural factors that hold back poor countries.
Lack of education further leads to even more unemployment. The necessary administrative leadership and technical competence to support a mass program are often lacking.
The few available studies report that nuclear families are more easily motivated for contraception than extended families. Communication factors Ignorance of purposes, means, and consequences of family planning: Considering the above factors, it is obvious that in India, the success of family planning programs depends on too many factors, making it a more complex operation than usual.
These factories lead to various kinds of pollution, including water pollution. The critical factor in most African marriages is that the wife produce offspring greatly desired by the man but which can he his legally only if an agreed upon amount has been paid to the bride's family. For example, soon after marriage the typical wife becomes pregnant because young husbands fear possible rumors of sterility or impotence, thus reflecting the great valise placed upon masculine virility.
This attitude also met the concern to preserve the family name and lineage insuring inheritance continuity in the land-a theme that reinforced the abundant society goal, for to fail to have offspring to carry on the family name was a misfortune imperiling the social structure.
In Puerto Rico, an informational program increased the use of contraceptive methods by 10 to 20 per cent, and the distribution of free supplies through volunteer leaders attracted new users among those with many children. In a set of Indian villages, continuous personal contact by field workers providing information, support, and supplies led to a five-point reduction in the birth rate in a period of four years.
Absence of social rewards:duction and contraceptive methods, and the practice of family planning.
Against the background of the demographic argument, presented in the preceding section, we must inquire into the social factors, broadly defined, that are involved in population growth.
Major factors influencing the distribution and density of population are described as under: 1. Terrain: Terrain of land is a potent factor which influences the concentration and growth of population. Normally speaking, plain areas encourage higher density of population as compared to mountain regions.
The portentous population growths in countries like India and China are due to other cultural factors, for contraception is legal and sterilization is usually allowed on both social and eugenic grounds.
Analysis of the sociocultural nexus and the demographic trends in a country like India is beset with numerous problems, particularly, because of the pluralistic nature of Indian society where heterogeneity defies any unilinear and unidimensional conceptualization.
duction and contraceptive methods, and the practice of family planning. Against the background of the demographic argument, presented in the preceding section, we must inquire into the social factors, broadly defined, that are involved in population growth and its control.
The main factors affecting the population change are the birth rate, death rate and migration. The birth rate is the ratio between births and individuals in a specified population and time (Miller, ).Download